Features of quantitative content of bone component in women of different age and сonstitution



Cite item

Abstract

Objective – to study the quantitative parameters of the bone component of the body in women of different age groups, taking into account body types.

Material and methods. The physical status of 580 female Kyrgyz women was studied, which were ranked into three age groups: the youth period (16-20 years) - 210 girls, the 1st period of adulthood (21-35 years) - 186 women and the 2nd period of adulthood (36-55 years) - 184 women. Somatotyping was carried out according to the scheme of I. B. Galant - B. A. Nikityuk - V. P. Chitetsov (1983), in the presence of their informed consent. The content of the bone component was determined by J. Matiegka (1921).

Results. Among the studied women, the leptosomal group of constitutions was 20%, mesosomal – 32%, megalosomal – 33% and indeterminate-15%. In comparison with the absolute content of bone component in girls of leptosomal Constitution, it in girls of mesosomal group almost does not change, megalosomal group increases – 1.2 times (p<0.05), uncertain Constitution – 1.1 times more (p>0.05). Compared with the percentage of the bone component of the body in women girls leptosomal Constitution, the value of this indicator in girls mesosomal group is less than 1.2 times (p<0.05), megalosomal-1.3 times (p<0.05), indeterminate Constitution-1.5 times (p<0.05). In women of the 1st period of Mature age of the leptosomal Constitution, this indicator, compared with its value in women of mesosomal, megalosomal and indeterminate groups, is 1.4 times less (p<0.05). In women of the 2nd period of mature age of leptosomal Constitution, this parameter, compared with its value in women of the mesosomal group is less than 1.4 times (p<0.05), megalosomal group – 1.5 times (p<0.05), uncertain Constitution – 1.6 times (p<0.05).

Conclusions. The absolute severity of the bone component of the body has minimal values in girls and women of Mature age with asthenic thin-boned somatotype (6,0 – 7,1 kg), the maximum-with euriplastic somatotype (6,6-9,2 kg). In women of the 2nd period of adulthood, compared with girls, the value of this indicator in representatives of all somatotypes decreases (1.1-1.2 times).

Full Text

Introduction. The study of the specifics of somatotypological characteristics of various ethnic groups from the standpoint of modern constitutionology seems to be the most important medical and social problem. One of the most important fundamental sections of human morphology that emerged relatively recently is the study of body composition [1-3]. The relevance of this topic is explained by the existence of a significant number of applied and theoretical problems, the solution of which cannot be sufficient without the availability of objective information about the composition of the body [4, 5]. Such problems, in particular, include the issues of assessing physical and nutritional status, adaptation to numerous environmental factors, to the conditions of sports and professional activity, work in different conditions of gravity, insolation, hypoxia, etc. [6-8]. Traditional anatomical and anthropometric approaches are complemented by effective high-tech research methods (bioimpedance, etc.), expanding the possibilities of objective assessment of the physical and nutritional status of the patient. The most significant assessment of the component composition of the body can be recognized in the diagnosis and treatment of alimentary obesity and osteoporosis [9, 10]. The component composition of the body is dynamic, changes with age and body type; including, of course, the bone component of the body; this work is devoted to the evaluation of these transformations.
The purpose of this study was to study quantitative data on absolute and relative indicators of the bone component of the body in women of adolescent and mature age in connection with the features of the physique.

Material and methods. The method of complex anthropometry [11] was used to study the physical status of 580 girls and women of mature age, ethnic Kyrgyz women living in Osh and its environs (Kyrgyzstan). The sample did not include cases of the presence of diseases that can influence the formation of physical status (osteoporosis, alimentary obesity, degenerative-dystrophic diseases, etc.). Somatotyping was carried out according to the scheme of I.B.Galant - B.A.Nikityuk - V.P.Chitetsov [12]. The content of the bone component was determined by J. Matiegka [13].
This study was approved by the decision of the local Ethics Committee of the Institute of Medical Problems of the Southern Branch of the National Academy of Sciences of the Kyrgyz Republic (12.10.16, Protocol No. 4). All the surveyed signed an informed consent to participate in anthropometric studies.
Statistical data processing included the calculation of arithmetic averages, their errors; the value of the individual minimum and maximum of each indicator (the amplitude of the variation series). The significance of the differences was determined by the Student's method.

The results of the study. Among the women we studied, the leptosomal group of constitutions was noted in 20%, mesosomal – in 32%, megalosomal – in 33% and indefinite – in 15%.
The content of the bone component largely depends on the constitutional affiliation (table).

The content of the bone component of the body in girls (I), women of the I period (II) and II period (III) of mature age of different constitutional types (X+ Sx; min-max)

Indicator

Age group Constitutional group
leptosomal mesosomal megalosomal indefinite
Bone component (kg) I 7.5+0.1
5,1-8,2 7,6+0,1
5,4-9,2 8,8+0,1*
6,3-10,3 8,1+0,2*
6,0-10,0
II 7,3+0,1
5,1-8,3 7,5+0,1
5,2-9,6 8,7+0,1
6,1-10,1 8,1+0,2
5,8-9,1
III 6,3+0,1
5,1-8,0 7,1+0,1
5,1-8,2 7,3+0,1
5,9-9,1 6,5+0,1
5,3-9,0
Bone component (%) I 16,5+0,1
15,1 -19,2 13,5+0,1*
10,1-17,0 12,5+0,2*
9,8-17,0 11,0+0,3*
7,2-14,7
II 15,8+0,1
13,0 -18,3 11,0+0,1*
8,0-16,0 11,3+0,1*
9,1-16,0 11,0+0,2*
8,0-13,2
III 13,2+0,1
10,1- 15,2 9,3+0,1*
7,4-13,6 8,5+0,1*
6,1-14,3 7,5+0,3*
6,1-12,2
* p<0.05, the differences are significant compared to the group of leptosomal constitution

The absolute value of the bone component in girls of the mesosomal group, compared with that of girls of the leptosomal constitution, almost does not change, the megalosomal group increases – by 1.2 times (p <0.05), the indefinite constitution – by 1.1 times more (p>0.05).
Compared with the percentage of the bone component of the body in girls of the leptosomal constitution, the value of this indicator in girls of the mesosomal group is 1.2 times less (p<0.05), megalosomal – 1.3 times (p<0.05), indeterminate constitution – 1.5 times (p<0.05). In women of the first period of adulthood of the leptosomal constitution, this indicator, compared with its value in women of the mesosomal, megalosomal and indeterminate groups, is 1.4 times less (p< 0.05). In women of the II period of adulthood of the leptosomal constitution, this parameter, compared with its value in women of the mesosomal group, is 1.4 times less (p<0.05), megalosomal group – 1.5 times (p<0.05), indeterminate constitution – 1.6 times (p<0.05).
Individual minimum and maximum absolute content the bone component in women of the leptosomal constitution is less, and the percentage is higher than in women of other constitutions.
The analysis of age-related features of the absolute and relative content of the bone component of the body revealed the following facts. In women of leptosomal constitution, in comparison with girls, the absolute amount of the bone component in the I period of adulthood does not change, in the II period of adulthood decreases by 1.2 times (p<0.05). The percentage of the bone component, in comparison with girls, in women of this constitution in the I period of adulthood decreases by 1.1 times (p>0.05), in the II period of adulthood – 1.3 times (p<0.05). In women of mesosomal constitution, in comparison with girls, the absolute value of this indicator does not decrease in the I period of adulthood, in the II period of adulthood it decreases by 1.1 times (p<0.05). The percentage of the bone component of the body, in comparison with girls, in women of this constitution in the I period of adulthood decreases by 1.2 twice (p<0.05), in the II period of adulthood – 1.4 times (p< 0.05). In women of megalosomal constitution, in comparison with girls, the absolute value of this parameter does not decrease in the I period of adulthood, in the II period of adulthood it decreases by 1.2 times (p<0.05). The percentage of the bone component of the body, in comparison with girls, in women of this constitution in the I period of adulthood decreases by 1.1 twice (p<0.05), in the II period of adulthood – 1.4 times (p<0.05). In women of indeterminate constitution, in comparison with girls, the absolute amount of the bone component of the body in women in the first period of adulthood does not decrease, in the second period of adulthood it decreases by 1.2 times (p<0.05). The relative amount of the bone component, in comparison with girls, in women of this constitution does not decrease in the first period of adulthood, in the second period of adulthood it decreases by 1.3 times (p<0.05).
The personal minimum and maximum absolute content of the bone component in women of the II period of adulthood of different constitutions is mainly less than in girls and in the I period of adulthood.

Discussion of the received data. Somatotypological features of the physique were proved earlier in the study of different populations [1, 12], but have never been studied and have not been statistically confirmed in men and women of the Kyrgyz population [10]. For the first time in the Kyrgyz population, we compared the constitutional distribution according to the schemes accepted in modern anthropology [6, 11]. Thus, the results of the study of the Kyrgyz population showed that mesosomal (31-33%) and megalosomal (30-38%) constitutions dominate among young and mature women, the proportion of leptosomal (15-25%) and undefined (12-16%) is significantly lower. Similar data are provided during the somatotypological analysis of women of the Slavic ethnos of mature and elderly ages, residents of St. Petersburg [1].
The results of somatotypological analysis showed that during the transition from adolescence to the first period of adulthood, and then to its second period, there are no cardinal changes in the constitution of women, which corresponds to the position of a number of researchers that there is no sharp change in the constitution in postnatal ontogenesis and all possible changes are of a modification nature [11]. Probably, some differences with our data may be due to the presence of regional specifics of the "constitutional diversity" of the population, as well as age-related modifications of somatotypological status, since the authors studied mainly the physical status of girls [1, 9, 12].
For the first time, using a computational method, we revealed that the absolute severity of the bone component of the body has minimal values in girls and women of mature age with a leptosomal constitution, the maximum – in women with a megalosomal constitution. In women of the II period of adulthood, in comparison with girls, the value of this indicator in representatives of all somatotypes decreases (by 1.1-1.2 times). The maximum bone mass content in women of all somatotypes falls on the period of 21-25 years. Age-related demineralization of the skeleton is obviously associated with both osteoporosis and the involution of skeletal muscles, since a decrease in muscle pressure on the bone surface can lead to a decrease in metabolic processes [11]. In the representatives of the asthenic somatotype, the absolute content of the bone component is on average 8.32 kg, and the stenoplastic somatotype is 7.42 kg, which is close to the data we obtained [1, 9].
The decrease in the absolute and percentage amount of the bone component with age obviously indicates the ongoing involutive changes in the skeleton, which occurs already in adulthood in representatives of all constitutional groups.

 

×

About the authors

Kyialbek Sh Sakibaev

Osh State University

Author for correspondence.
Email: 2sksh@rambler.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7303-1252
SPIN-code: 9954-6353
Scopus Author ID: 57214122728
ResearcherId: C-5492-2019

Candidate of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department

Kyrgyzstan, 723500, Kyrgyz Republic, Osh, Lenin str., 331

Dmitry B Nikityuk

FSBS “The Federal Research Centre of Biotechnology and Food Safety”; Department of Operative Surgery and Topographical Anatomy, First Moscow State Medical University named after I.M. Sechenov (Sechenov University)

Email: dimitrynik@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4968-4517
SPIN-code: 1236-8210
Scopus Author ID: 15769363000
ResearcherId: G-2079-2017

Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Director of the Federal Research Center for Nutrition, Biotechnology and Food Safety

Russian Federation, Ustinsky proezd, house 2/14, Moscow, Russia 109240

Svetlana Valeriyevna Klochkova

Department of Human Anatomy, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

Email: swetlana.chava@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2041-7607
SPIN-code: 1528-6250
Scopus Author ID: 57175962700

Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Human Anatomy of the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia

Russian Federation, Miklukho-Maklai 6. Moscow, Russia, 117198

Natalia Timofeevna Alexeeva

Department of Normal Anatomy, Voronezh N.N. Burdenko State Medical University

Email: alexeevant@list.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1510-8543
SPIN-code: 4846-3772
Scopus Author ID: 57193449486

Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Normal Human Anatomy of the Voronezh State University named after N.N. Burdenko of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation

Russian Federation, Studencheskaya Street 10, Voronezh, Russia, 394036

Nazgul Mamatumarovna Tashmatova

Department of Anatomy, Histology and Physiology, Osh State University

Email: tashnaz@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3068-1922
Scopus Author ID: 57214119895

Candidate of Biological Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Anatomy, Histology and Normal Physiology of Osh State University of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Kyrgyz Republic

Kyrgyzstan, Lenin Street 331. Osh, Kyrgyz Republic, 723500

Aiperi Alimbekovna Alimbekova

Department of Anatomy, Histology and Physiology, Osh State University

Email: a_a_alimbekova@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6318-1812
SPIN-code: 3934-9684

Lecturer of the Department of Anatomy, Histology and Normal Physiology of Osh State University of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Kyrgyz Republic

Kyrgyzstan, Lenin Street 331. Osh, Kyrgyz Republic, 723500

Uulkan Manas kyzy

Department of Anatomy, Histology and Physiology, Osh State University

Email: uulkan.aidarova@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1441-0532
SPIN-code: 6190-5600

Lecturer of the Department of Anatomy, Histology and Normal Physiology of Osh State University of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Kyrgyz Republic

Kyrgyzstan, Lenin Street 331. Osh, Kyrgyz Republic, 723500

Kanymgul Asanbek kyzy

Department of Anatomy, Histology and Physiology, Osh State University

Email: asanovakaku1982@gmail.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4398-6549
SPIN-code: 9754-7630

Lecturer of the Department of Anatomy, Histology and Normal Physiology of Osh State University of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Kyrgyz Republic

Kyrgyzstan, Lenin Street 331. Osh, Kyrgyz Republic, 723500

Tursunbek Orozbek uulu

Department of Anatomy, Histology and Physiology, Osh State University

Email: dr.d.orozbekov@gmail.com
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8225-093X
SPIN-code: 3052-1418

Lecturer of the Department of Anatomy, Histology and Normal Physiology of Osh State University of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Kyrgyz Republic

Kyrgyzstan, Lenin Street 331. Osh, Kyrgyz Republic, 723500

References

  1. Starchik D. A., Nikityuk D. B., Rozhkova E. A. Bioimpedance analysis of the content of the muscular component of soma in women of mature and elderly ages of different constitutional groups and somatotypes. Journal of anatomy and histopathology. 2016;5(2):52-55. [In Russ] https://doi.org/10.18499/2225-7357-2016-5-2-52-55
  2. Garza C. Fetal, Neonatal, Infant, and Child International Growth Standards: An Unprecedented Opportunity for an Integrated Approach to Assess Growth and Development. Advances in Nutrition. 2015;6(4):383–390 doi: 10.3945/an.114.008128
  3. Rao W., Su Y., Yang G., Ma Y., Liu R., Zhang S., Wang S., Fu Y., Kou C., Yu Y., Yu Q. Cross-sectional association between body mass index and hyperlipidemia among adults in northeastern China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2016;13(5):516–524. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13050516
  4. Pereira D., Severo M., Ramos E., Lucas R., Barros H., Branco J., Santos R.A., Costa L. Potential role of age, sex, body mass index and pain to identify patients with knee osteoarthritis. International Journal of Rheumatic Disease. 2017;20(2):190–198. doi: 10.1111/1756-185X.12611
  5. Završnik J., Pišot R., Šimunič B., Kokol P., Blažun Vošner H. Biomechanical characteristics of skeletal muscles and associations between running speed and contraction time in 8-to 13-year-old children. The Journal of International Medical Research. 2017;45(1):231–245. doi: 10.1177/0300060516687212
  6. Tutel'yan V.A., Razumov A.N., Klochkova S.V., Alekseeva E.A., Rozhkova E.A., Kvartskheliya A.G., Nikityuk D.B. Features of macro anthropometric indicators in women of different somatotypes. Morfologicheskie vedomosti. 2017;1(25):20–22. [In Russ] https://doi.org/10.20340/mv-mn.2017.25(1):20-22
  7. Johnson W., Chumlea W. C., Czerwinski S. A., Demerath E. W. Secular trends in the fat and fat-free components of body mass index in children aged 8-18 years born 1958-1995. Ann Hum Biol. 2013;40(1):107–10 doi: 10.3109/03014460.2012.720710
  8. Park H.W., Kim K.H., Song I.G., Kwon T.G., Bae J.H. Body mass index, carotid plaque, and clinical outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease. Coronary Attery Disease. 2017;28(4):278–286. doi: 10.1097/MCA.0000000000000467
  9. Nikolenko V. N., Nikityuk D. B., Klochkova S. V. Somatic constitution and clinical medicine. M: Practicheskaya meditsina, 2017. 256 p. [In Russ] DOI: https://doi.org/10.17816/morph.101898
  10. Alekseeva N.T., Nikityuk D.B., Sakibaev K.Sh., Tashmatova N.M. Somatotypological features in young men of the Kyrgyz population. Morphology. 2020;157(2-3):13-14. [In Russ] DOI: https://doi.org/10.17816/morph.101898
  11. Nikityuk B.A., Chtetsov V.P. The Morphology of human. // M.: Pub. MGU, 1983. 344 p. [In Russ]
  12. Pashkov I.G., Gaivoronsky I.V. Morphofunctional correlations between bone mineral density and body composition in women of the Republic of Karelia. Vestnik Rossiyskoy voyenno-meditsinskoy akademii. 2014;2(46):88-92. [In Russ]
  13. Matiegka J. The testing of physical efficiency. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 1921;4(3):223–230.

Supplementary files

There are no supplementary files to display.


Copyright (c) Eco-Vector

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

СМИ зарегистрировано Федеральной службой по надзору в сфере связи, информационных технологий и массовых коммуникаций (Роскомнадзор).
Регистрационный номер и дата принятия решения о регистрации СМИ: № 0110212 от 08.02.1993.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies