Peer-review quarterly medical journal.





“Morphology” journal (“Morfologiia") (previous title — Archives of Anatomy, Histology, and Embryology) is a leading morphological scientific journal which is published continuously since 1916.

The journal was founded by a prominent Russian histologist A.S. Dogiel, and for many years most distinguished Russian scientists worked in its Editorial Board, passing the baton to the modern generation of morphologists.

In the last decades the Journal is published under the auspices of the International Association of Morphologists (the successor of all-Union Scientific Society of Anatomists, Histologists, and Embryologists).


Types of accepted articles

  • reviews
  • systematic reviews and metaanalyses
  • original research
  • clinical case reports and series
  • letters to the editor
  • short communications
  • guidelines


  • in English and Russian
  • quarterly, 4 issues per year
  • continuously in Online First
  • with NO Article Processing Charges (APC)
  • distribution in hybrid mode - by subscription and/or Open Access
    (OA articles with the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0))


  • Russian Science Citation Index (Web of Science)
  • Russian Science Electronic Library (
  • Google Scholar
  • Ulrich's Periodicals directory
  • WorldCat
  • Crossref



Eco-Vector is a new publisher of the 'Morphology' journal

Posted: 28.02.2022

The Eco-Vector publishing house became the publisher of the journal 'Morphology' (ISSN 1026-3543 (Print)). The journal is undergoing re-registration in Roskomnadzor and continues to be published quarterly in Open Access under the strict scientific guidance of the editor-in-chief and the entire editorial board.

Mass media registration certificate PI No. № 0110212 dated 08.02.1993.

More Announcements...

Current Issue

Vol 160, No 2 (2022)

Original Study Articles

Variability of morphometric characteristics of paired arteries of the brain in children during early childhood
Gladilin Y.A., Fomkina O.A., Nikolenko V.N.

BACKGRОUND: There are numerous works in the literature covering issues of age, sexual and bilateral variability of the cerebral arteries in adults. There is no information on morphometric parameters of the cerebral arteries in children.

AIM: To present data on the morphometric characteristics of the paired arteries of the brain in children during early childhood, taking into account sexual and bilateral variability.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples of precommunication segments of the anterior cerebral arteries (ACA), wedge-shaped parts of the middle cerebral arteries (MCA), precommunication segments of the posterior cerebral arteries (PCA), intracranial parts of the vertebral arteries (VA) and cerebral parts of the internal carotid arteries (ICA) seized during autopsy of corpses of 18 children from early childhood (1–2 years) who died for reasons not associated with acute vascular cerebral pathology. Outside and inside diameters, wall thickness were determined.

RESULTS: The mean values of the above parameters were respectively: ACA — 1.76±0.04 mm, 0.14±0.01 mm and 1.49±0.04 mm; MCA — 2.07±0.04 mm, 0.14±0.01 mm, 1.79±0.04 mm; PCA — 1.83±0.06 mm, 0.13±0.01 mm, 1.55±0.06 mm; VA — 2.08±0.06 mm, 0.15±0.01 mm, 1.77±0.05 mm; ICA — 2.60±0.05 mm, 0.15±0.01 mm, 2.30±0.05 mm. Outside and inside diameters of the ACA predominate in the right hemisphere by 17.3% (p=0.009) and 19.9% (p=0.016), respectively. Outside and inside diameters PCA prevailed in boys, respectively, by 9.1% (p=0.019) and 12.9% (p=0.006).

CONCLUSION: Average data of outside diameter, wall thickness and inside diameters of paired arteries of the brain in children in the period of early childhood were obtained. Most parameters have no confirmed bilateral and sexual differences. The findings may be useful for interpreting non-invasive research methods and should also be considered in the design and adaptation of intravascular devices for use in pediatric practice.

Morphology. 2022;160(2):77-83
pages 77-83 views
The analysis of histological features and morphometric parameters of the ovaries in absenсe epilepsy
Sadrtdinova I.I., Khismatullina Z.R.

BACKGROUND: Absence epilepsy is one of the most common epileptic syndromes and is more common in girls. Often in adolescence, generalized tonic-clonic seizures (up to 50%) join. In women suffering from epilepsy, reproductive dysfunction is often noted. In this regard, it seems relevant to study the morphofunctional state of the ovaries in absence epilepsy.

AIM: Assessment of morphological and morphometric parameters of the ovaries in absence epilepsy.

MATERIALS AND METODS: Using histological and morphometric methods, the ovaries of Wistar and WAG/Rij rats (a genetic model of human absence epilepsy) were studied.

RESULTS: In WAG/Rij rats, destruction of the cortical and medulla of the ovary was found: the layer of granulosa cells surrounding the oocyte had a looser structure compared to the norm, destructive changes in the follicular epithelium and apoptotic death of granulosa cells were observed. Morphometric analysis showed that in WAG/Rij rats the weight of the ovaries was 2 times less than in Wistar rats: 37.30±0.93 mg versus 55.84±2.36 mg. The thickness of the epithelial layer was 7.81±0.25 μm, which is 26.2% less than in Wistar rats (p <0.05). The ovarian follicles of WAG/Rij rats were irregular in shape, smaller in diameter and area, and the numerical density of all types of follicles was lower compared to Wistar rats, which indicates a violation of ovulation processes.

CONCLUSION: Structural and quantitative changes in the ovaries of WAG/Rij rats were observed in absence epilepsy, which indicates violations of the endocrine function of the ovaries and process of folliculogenesis.

Morphology. 2022;160(2):85-92
pages 85-92 views
Detection of macrophages in human and rat heart using a single antibody variant
Guselnikova V.V., Pavlova V.S., Razenkova V.A., Kirik O.V., Korzhevskii D.E.

BACKGROUND: Resident macrophages of the myocardium are necessary for the normal development and functioning of the cardiovascular system and play an important role in the pathogenesis of a number of cardiovascular diseases.

AIM: To develop a universal methodological approach for the immunohistochemical identification of macrophages in the human and rat myocardium.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: For the study, samples of the myocardium of people of both sexes aged from 28 to 52 years (n=7) and Wistar female rats (at the age of 15 months, (n=5)) were used. The work was performed using immunohistochemical staining method.

RESULTS: The possibility of using polyclonal antibodies against the calcium-binding protein Iba1, which is a well-known microglial marker marker, for the detection of macrophages in the myocardium was shown. An optimal drug processing protocol was developed, the use of which makes it possible to equally effectively detect macrophages in the human and rat myocardium using only one antibody variant.

CONCLUSION: A universal methodological approach has been proposed for the identification of macrophages in the human and rat myocardium, which can be successfully used in scientific and clinical diagnostic studies.

Morphology. 2022;160(2):93-100
pages 93-100 views

Systematic reviews and metaanalyses

Comparative characteristics of the body mass index of young persons in different regions of Russia
Gaivoronsky I.V., Semenov A.A., Chrishtop V.V.

BACKGROUND: Being one of the aspects of the morphological constitution, the component composition of the body reflects the state of metabolic processes in the body and can serve as a kind of predictor of the development of various pathological conditions. One of the most accessible and widely used methods for researchers is the determination of the body mass index, which ensures the comparability of the results obtained by different authors.

AIM: To systematize and compare the literature data of domestic and foreign authors on the body mass index of young people and its relationship with the degree of urbanization and geography of residence.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The original articles and reviews posted in the scientometric databases PubMed, Google Scholar and eLIBRARY.RU for the last 20 years are analyzed. An analysis of the results of a survey of medical students from Russian universities was carried out depending on the region of residence and the population of the city.

RESULTS: It was revealed that the interest of the scientific community in the study of body composition is constantly growing: every next year the total number of publications on body composition increases by an average of 24% compared to the previous year. An increase in the proportion of students with a low body mass index was noted as the number of the city grew and its shift in the direction from the eastern regions of the Russian Federation to the western ones. The proportion of students with a normal body mass index decreases as the population of the city in which the medical school is located increases.

CONCLUSION: According to our analysis of the results of a survey of medical students in Russia, body mass index is associated with the degree of urbanization and has geographical features.

Morphology. 2022;160(2):101-110
pages 101-110 views


Methods of functional neurohistology and their practical application
Zimatkin S.M.

Functional neurohistology is a field of morphological research that uses microscopic methods to assess the morphological support of the functions of brain structures, nerve tissue and nerve cells. These include classical histological methods, electron microscopy, histochemistry and immunohistochemistry in combination with morphometry. Each of the methodological approaches has its advantages and disadvantages. The choice of methods of functional neurohistology is determined by the specific objectives of the study.

The review describes the methodological approaches used by us to assess the functional state of brain neurons in normal and pathological conditions. The advantages and necessity of using a complex of microscopic methods for a more complete assessment of the state of neurons are substantiated.

Morphology. 2022;160(2):111-124
pages 111-124 views


Towards the 60th anniversary of Dmitriy Borisovich Nikityuk
Alekseeva N.T., Klochkova S.V.

On December 26, 2022, Dmitry Borisovich Nikityuk, a well-known anatomist and anthropologist, academician of Russian Academy of Sciences, president of the Russian Scientific Society of Anatomists, Histologists and Embryologists, celebrated his 60th birthday.

The stages of D.B. Nikityuk’s scientific way in the field of morphological exocrinology, dedicated to the functional morphology of the mucous membrane glands are described. His works have allowed to describe and prove the regularities of morphogenesis of these anatomical formations in the field of anatomo-anthropometric approaches to estimate the nutritional status of healthy and sick people, which is particularly important for revealing the constitutional predisposition to development of a number of alimentary-dependent diseases.

Morphology. 2022;160(2):125-128
pages 125-128 views
Vasiliy Ivanovich Oshkaderov and his contribution to the organization of anatomical departments
Usovich A.K., Alexeeva N.T., Sokolov D.A., Ivanov V.A., Chernova V.N.

Vasiliy Ivanovich Oshkaderov (1895–1951) is a prominent Russian anatomist whose name is associated with many medical universities. He began his career as a scientist and an organizer of medical education within the walls of Voronezh State University, graduating from the medical faculty and working at the department of anatomy under the guidance of professors I.V. Georgievskiy and G.M. Iosifov until 1929. From 1929 to 1931 Vasiliy Ivanovich headed the department of normal anatomy at the Kuban State Medical Institute named after The Red Army. From 1931 to 1937 he headed the staff of the anatomical departments at the First Leningrad Medical Institute and the P.F. Lesgaft State Institute of Physical Culture. In 1937, he was sent in the medical school-hospital, renamed the Vitebsk Medical Institute in 1938 — to organize the department of anatomy. From 1940 to 1942 V.I. Oshkaderov served as the head of the department of anatomy of the Kronstadt Naval School. Activitiy of V.I. Oshkaderov is associated with the veterinary department of the Ivanovo Agricultural Institute, the Central Research Institute of Physical Culture in Moscow, the Leningrad Chemical and Pharmaceutical Institute, the Leningrad Agricultural Institute. The last three months of the life of Vasiliy Ivanovich were associated with the department of anatomy and chemistry of the Smolensk State Institute of Physical Culture. In this article, along with the main milestones of the scientific and organizational activities of professor V.I. Oshkaderov, previously unknown archival data are given that complement the pages of the biography of the scientist.

Morphology. 2022;160(2):129-133
pages 129-133 views

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